Documents for download
a / Bachelor's degree of the first cycle lasting 3 years (6 semesters) - 180 ECTS
- Medical Nurse (Nurse) - 180 ECTS
b / First cycle studies lasting 4 years (8 semesters) - 240 ECTS - with or without a narrow orientation / list degree
- Medical nurse (nurse) - 240 ECTS
c / Academic master studies of the second cycle lasting from one to two years (2-4 semesters) - 300 ECTS (with defense of master thesis)
- Master of Nursing - 300 ECTS
- Master of Health Care - 300 ECTS (… in the field of specialization / specialization)
Nursing professionals (graduate nurses) treat and care for people who need medical care due to the consequences of age, injury, illness, or other physical and mental disabilities, or due to potential health risks. They are responsible for planning the management of patient care, including the supervision of other healthcare professionals, working individually or in teams together with doctors on the practical application of preventive and curative measures.
- planning, providing and evaluating health care for patients based on accepted practices and standards;
- coordinating patient care in consultation with other health care workers and associates and members of health teams;
- development and implementation of plans for biological, social and psychological treatment of patients in cooperation with other health professionals and associates;
- planning and personally providing care, treatment and therapy including medications, and monitoring response to treatment;
- cleaning wounds and putting on surgical bandages
- monitoring the pain and discomfort to which patients are exposed and eliminating pain by including medications (including sedatives) or using other therapies;
- promoting health and helping to prevent health problems by participating in health education programs and other health-promoting activities;
- providing answers and information about treatment to patients and their families;
- supervising and coordinating the work of other health workers and workers in charge of personal care;
- research in the field of medical practice and procedures and their publication through scientific documents and reports;
- implementation of care education activities in clinical and social communities.
The most general generic competencies at the level of each of the cycles of education, which must be possessed by every graduate regardless of the study program or. institution in which he completed his higher education, are defined:
- Dublin descriptors, which represent a set of criteria for students' expected achievement and ability to distinguish between different cycles of education, proposed by the Joint Quality Initiative (JQI), and which are accepted as the basis for describing each cycle of education in ministerial meeting in Bergen in May 2005.
- The General Framework for Qualifications in European Higher Education (EQF for HE), adopted at the ministerial meeting in Bergen in May 2005.
These competencies are categorized as instrumental, interpersonal and systemic:
- Instrumental competencies include:
- Cognitive abilities, understanding and manipulation of ideas and thoughts.
- Methodological abilities of communication with the environment: organizing time and learning strategies, making decisions or solving problems.
- Technological abilities related to the use of technological means, computers and the application of information management skills.
- Language skills such as written and oral communication or knowledge of foreign languages.
- Interpersonal Competences: Individual abilities that include the ability to express one's feelings, social skills such as inter-personal skills, teamwork, or expressing social and ethical commitment. These competencies enable the processes of social interaction and cooperation.
- Systemic competencies are those skills and abilities that apply to the entire system. They represent a combination of understanding, sensibility and knowledge with which a person will be able to see in what relationship the individual parts are and in what way they form a whole. These skills include the ability to plan for change to improve entire systems and create new systems. Systemic competencies require prior adoption of instrumental and interpersonal competencies
Qualifications that represent the successful completion of the first cycle (180-240 ECTS credits) are awarded to students who:
- demonstrate knowledge and understanding in the field of study, which builds on their secondary education and which is common at the first cycle level, with the support of appropriate resources for higher education (university textbooks, information and communication technologies), which includes aspects of knowledge of advanced achievements in a given field of study;
- can apply detailed knowledge and critical understanding of principles related to a given field of study / discipline in a way that demonstrates a professional approach to work or profession, and possess competencies that are usually expressed by the ability to form and support opinions and views and the ability to solve problems within a given field of study;
- have the ability to collect and interpret relevant data (within a given field of study) on the basis of which they make judgments that may also contain reflections on relevant social scientific or ethical issues;
- can apply basic knowledge acquisition methods and applied research in a given discipline, and are able to decide which approach to use to solve a given problem, and are aware of the extent to which the chosen approach is appropriate to solve such a problem;
- can present and convey information, ideas, problems and solutions to an audience that specializes in a given field of study, but also to an audience that is not specialized, using the appropriate language (and where appropriate, one or more foreign languages) and using communication technology;
- have built the learning skills necessary for further study, with a high degree of autonomy and the academic skills and characteristics necessary for research work, understanding and evaluating new information, concepts and evidence from a variety of sources;
- possess a foundation for future self-direction and lifelong learning;
- have acquired interpersonal and teamwork skills, suitable for employment and / or further study.
Specific descriptors of health care studies in the program "Nursing"
Upon completion of their studies, graduates will have acquired knowledge and skills for performing nursing practice, and will be able to:
- work according to the principles of unique nursing care, respecting the individuality of the wards, applying a holistic approach and partnership;
- apply the process of nursing care, ie. assess health care needs, set goals and set priorities, plan and implement adequate procedures (performance), and evaluate and, if necessary, modify the care plan;
- keep nursing records and evaluate results;
- organize nursing care for different users in different health and social institutions as well as in his family environment and supervise its implementation;
- monitor human growth and development through all life cycles and undertake activities that contribute to the promotion of growth and development;
- to master sovereign knowledge and skills that contribute to the improvement of health and to undertake activities that serve to maintain good health and protect against diseases of the individual, family and community;
- assess education needs and apply principles and techniques of teaching individuals, families and communities;
- apply adequate communication with patients, families, team members and others;
- take care of maintaining a healthy and safe environment in which the user resides and prevent all risks;
- master the knowledge and skills of monitoring the health status of patients and the endangered and intervene in accordance with the authorizations;
- participate in the planning and implementation of diagnostic and therapeutic procedures that are prescribed and performed under the supervision of a physician;
- get involved and act in the health team at all levels of health care, as well as cooperate in a multidisciplinary team;
- manage the health care team, organize and manage the nursing service at all levels of health care;
- develop a professional relationship and responsibility, act in accordance with legal, moral and ethical norms;
- advocate for the improvement of nursing practice standards;
- identify one's own needs and opportunities for further learning, monitor related scientific disciplines and apply knowledge in the profession, monitor research in nursing and participate in them;
- participate in the education of nurses and other health professionals, and others as needed.
The process of intensive development and application of high technologies in medicine, hyperproduction of information and dissemination of scientific knowledge, multiplication of specialist knowledge, but also the interdisciplinary character of modern knowledge are reflected in the organization, methodology and didactics of collateral occupations in health. This is one of the main reasons for the programs in education of these professions to move towards the requirements of higher and higher education, which is becoming the standard in the education systems of developed countries.
The main reasons for establishing studies of this type are:
- improving health care;
- expanded opportunities for academic education of medical high school students;
- great interest of nurses and technicians to expand education and opening possibilities for further education in the context of the whole-life learning (life long learning);
- positive experiences of developed countries;
- needs in health care practice;
- the need to introduce Bologna principles in educational practice in the field of health care ( three-year graduate study, one-semester courses, credit transfer system and accumulation, transparency of acquired education and vertical and horizontal mobility, efficiency and pragmatism of studies, etc. );
- the need to study the field of health care and related scientific disciplines that provide a holistic approach to the function of health care in an interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary manner;
- great needs for staff of these profiles in developed countries, which opens the possibility of employment abroad.
To achieve these educational goals in the first cycle study, students should experience different types of teaching methods such as traditional lectures and exercises, seminars, research seminars, project assignments, pedagogical workshops, problem-oriented workshops, laboratory classes, demonstration classes, clinical practice, student practice and practical work, work-oriented exercises, model making, field work, research work.
The goals of skills in the field of nursing can be systematized according to the following principles:
a) A holistic human-centered approach
Each individual is a unique, whole being. The characteristics and needs of each individual are conditioned by hereditary, constitutional and acquired biological, psychological, social and spiritual factors inseparable from the conditions of the environment in which he lives. Therefore, one of the basic principles in the provision of nursing care is a holistic approach to man with his full respect.
b) Health and health promotion
Nursing practice is based on the philosophy of preserving and improving health as the greatest human value, according to the modern understanding of the phenomenon of health.
Health is a dynamic phenomenon and each individual is constantly striving to achieve the goals of survival, growth, reproduction and knowledge within their living environment. Biological, psychological, sociocultural, economic, environmental and political factors affect the ability of individuals to perform life activities and maintain health. The documents of the World Health Organization and the modern definition of health speak about the new approach to health and health policy through the promotion of health: “ Health is created by people in everyday life, where they learn, work, play and love. Health is created by caring for oneself and others, the ability to make decisions and control life circumstances, and by providing a life in such a society that will enable all its members to achieve health. ”(Ottawa, 1986).
" From the point of view of an individual, health is a significantly inherited and educationally conditioned process, but also dynamic, potentially free and creative, so it is largely a consequence of learning and one's own choice, and therefore related to responsibility to oneself and others. ”
Health promotion includes the action of individuals and the entire community on important factors that affect health, such as housing, nutrition, strengthening social support for vulnerable groups, combating addiction, etc. Therefore, the tasks that need to be improved by the health care system are important: accessibility of health care, favorable environment, social support, lifestyles that lead to health, decision-making of individuals and communities on health issues based on the availability of relevant information.
c) Nursing practice as a starting point
Nursing practice is aimed at helping people in everyday life to prevent, alleviate or solve problems related to basic daily health needs ( activities ), or to deal with them successfully in case of illness. It is an aid in advancing the adaptation of the individual, the family and the community. Nurses along with other professionals help people take responsibility for health. Health care ( nursing care ) is provided through an interpersonal process that includes assessment, planning, implementation, and evaluation. Nurses can provide protection throughout the life cycle, from conception to death, at any point in life from health to illness. Their goal is to enable people to make full use of their opportunities and achieve the greatest possible independence.
The goals of nursing care are:
- health promotion and disease prevention,
- restoring health ( healing, recovery ), and helping the sick and
- help in dying and alleviating suffering.
d) Nursing education as the basis of the profession
Nursing education is an ongoing process that serves personal and professional development.
Higher ( and higher ) education of nurses is a formally recognized program of study, which forms a broad and solid basis for general nursing practice and for continuing education in special areas of health care. Basic higher education is considered to be a study program lasting at least three years.
Upon completion of their studies, graduates will be prepared to perform nursing practice with the following practical knowledge and skills:
- have appropriate knowledge of biological and human sciences, knowledge of human growth and development, the concept of health and health promotion, knowledge of the pathophysiology of various health problems, knowledge of the principles of learning and teaching, communication, and other relevant knowledge required for nursing practice;
- be able to draw attention to the ethical dimensions of health care in staff failures, lack of care policy, realization of patients' rights, lack of equipment, medicines, etc., which include fair treatment of patients in relation to others;
- master the skills of nursing practice such as: application of the nursing care process, successful communication with patients and team members, keeping nursing records, ensuring patient safety and comfort, applying the principles of teaching and learning, organizing nursing care for different patients, applying decision-making principles, critical opinions and problem solving, application of the principles of " social justice ", participation in the implementation of diagnostic and therapeutic procedures;
- consideration of the overall patient's situation ( family, psychological, spiritual, social ) related to patient care.
- have adopted professional behavior which is reflected in: adherence to tasks and application of those interventions for which she is authorized, recognition of her own needs for further learning, ability to function as a responsible member of the health team, professional behavior in relation to other associates, protection of interests, recognition and the need for professional association, practice and improvement of nursing practice standards.
DEAN OF THE FACULTY OF HEALTH SCIENCES
(Dean of the Faculty of Health Sciences)
She was born in Banja Luka, where she finished primary and secondary school, as well as the Faculty of Technology at the University of Banja Luka. She received her master's degree in 2008. at the Faculty of Technical Sciences, University of Novi Sad with an average grade of 10.00, and a doctoral dissertation ...